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Department of botany
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Phone: +420 585 634 801

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Přírodovědecká fakulta UPOL

RNDr. Miloslav Kitner, Ph.D.


  * 1976, Prostějov
mail to Miloslav Kitner
  Phone: 585 634 810

Educational background and Professional experience

  • 1994–2000: Dept. of Botany, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, Olomouc. MSc. thesis (Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Aloisie Poulíčková): Phytoplankton of several fishponds near Protivanov;
  • 2000–2003: Dept. of Botany, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, Olomouc. PhD study in botany, thesis (Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Aloisie Poulíčková): Ecology of Littoral Algae;
  • 2003-2004: Laboratory of Growth Regulators, Palacký University Olomouc & Institute of Experimental Botany Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic; postdoctoral fellowship
  • 2005-: Laboratory of protein and molecular markers, Dept. of Botany, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, Olomouc; scientific specialist

Study abroad

  • 2005: Agricultural Institute of Slovenia + Biotechnological Faculty, University of Slovenia; Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 2007: Agricultural Institute of Slovenia + Biotechnological Faculty, University of Slovenia; Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 2009: Department of Botany, Biodiversity and Plant interaction Group, University of Hohenheim, Germany

Presentations abroad

  • 2001: Meeting of the Poland Botanical Socciety, Poznań, Poland, poster
  • 2001: „Shallow lakes“, Balatonfüred, Hungary, poster
  • 2002: „Biology and Taxonomy of Green Algae IV“, Smolenice, Slovak Republic, poster
  • 2004: „2nd Symposium on Microalgae and Seaweed Products in Plant/Soil-Systems“, 30.6.-2.7. 2004, Mosonmagyaróvár, Hungary, 2 posters
  • 2005: Agricultural Institute of Slovenia, Ljubljana, Slovenia, presentation

Membership in Scientific Societies

  • Czech Phycological Society

Research activities

  • Protein and molecular markers in Lactuca spp.
  • Molecular variability of plant pathogens.
  • Plant - pathogen interactions detected by protein markers.

Currently running projects

  • Variability of components and interactions in plant pathosystem and impact of environmental factors on their expression (spolupracovník)
  • Alternative attempts in use of biotechnologies for increased resistance of selected legumes to fungal pathogens (spoluřešitel)


  • Jemelková, M., Kitner, M. , Křístková, E. , Doležalová, I., Lebeda, A. (2018): Genetic variability and distance between Lactuca serriola L. populations from Sweden and Slovenia assessed by SSR and AFLP markers. - Acta Botanica Croatica.(in press)
  • Petrželová, I., Jemelková, M., Doležalová, I., Choi, Y.J., Kruse, J., Thines, M., Kitner, M. (2017): Confirmation of Peronospora agrimoniae as a distinct species. – European Journal of Plant Pathology 147: 887-896. DOI: 10.1007/s10658-016-1058-8 [PDF]
  • Petrželová, I., Jemelková, M., Doležalová, I., Ondřej, V. , Kitner, M. (2017): Identification of Rust Disease of Giant Knapweed in the Czech Republic - Short Communication. – Plant Protection Science 53(3): 153-158. DOI: 10.17221/117/2016-PPS [PDF]
  • Smýkal, P. , Chaloupská, M., Bariotakis, M., Marečková, L. , Sinjushin, A., Gabrielyan, I., Akopian, J., Toker, C., Kenicer, G., Kitner, M. , Pirintsos, S.(2017): Spatial patterns and intraspecific diversity of the glacial relict legume species Vavilovia formosa (Stev.) Fed. in Eurasia. - Plant Systematics and Evolution 303(3): 267-282. DOI: 10.1007/s00606-016-1368-5 [PDF]
  • Jandová, M. , Oulehlová, M. , Vojtěchová, K., Kitner, M. , Duchoslav, M. (2017):Allium pseudotelmatum (Amaryllidaceae), a new species of Allium sect. Codonoprasum from Croatia.- Phytotaxa 311:139–154.[PDF]
  • Kitner, M. , Mieslerová, B. , Petřeková, V., Lebeda, A. (2017): First Report of Powdery Mildew Caused by Erysiphe macleayae on Macleaya microcarpa in the Czech Republic. – Plant Disease 101(8): 1544. [PDF]
  • Ali, T., Muñoz-Fuentes, V., Buch, A-K., Çelik, A., Dutbayev, A., Gabrielyan, I., Glynou, K., Khaliq, I., Kitner, M. , Nigrelli, L., Ploch, S., Runge, F., Schmuke,r A., Solovyeva, I., Xia, X., Vakhrusheva, L., Maciá-Vicente, J.-G., Nowak, C., Thines, M.(2017): Genetic patterns reflecting Pleistocene range dynamics in the annual calcicole plant Microthlaspi erraticum across its Eurasian range. – Flora 236-237: 132-142.[PDF]
  • Pirondi, M., Kitner, M. , Iotti, M., Sedláková, B. , Lebeda, A. , Collina, M.(2016): Genetic structure and phylogeny of Italian and Czech populations of the cucurbit powdery mildew fungus Golovinomyces orontii inferred by Multilocus Sequence Typing. – Plant Pathology 65: 959-967 DOI: 10.1111/ppa.12480[PDF]
  • Prausová, R., Marečková, L. , Kapler, A., Majeský, Ľ. , Farkas, T., Indreica, A., Šafářová, L., Kitner, M. (2016): Adenophora liliifolia: condition of its populations in Central Europe. - Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica. 58: 83-105. DOI: 10.1515/abcsb-2016-0018 [PDF]
  • Petrželová, I., Kitner, M. , Doležalová, I., Ondřej, V. , Lebeda, A. (2015): First report of a basil downy mildew caused by Peronospora belbahrii in the Czech Republic. – Plant Disease 99(3): 418.[PDF]
  • Petrželová, I., Jemelková, M., Kitner, M. , Doležalová, I.(2015): First report of rust disease caused by Puccinia lagenophorae on pot marigold (Calendula officinalis) in the Czech Republic. – Plant Disease 99(6): 892. [PDF]
  • Kitner, M. , Majeský, Ľ. , Křístková, E. , Jemelková, M., Lebeda, A. , Beharav A.,(2015): Genetic diversity in Israeli natural populations of three predominantly self-pollinating wild Lactuca (L. serriola, L. saligna, L. aculeata) species. - Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 67(2): 991-1008. [PDF]
  • Majeský, Ľ. , Vašut, R. , Kitner, M. (2015):Genotypic diversity of apomictic microspecies of the Taraxacum scanicum group (Taraxacum sect. Erythrosperma). - Plant Systematics and Evolution 301(8): 2105-2124. [PDF]
  • Petrželová, I., Kitner, M. , Jemelková, M., Doležalová, I.(2015): First report of buckwheat downy mildew caused by Peronospora cf. ducometi in the Czech Republic. – Plant Disease 99(8): 1178. [PDF]
  • Kitner, M. , Lebeda, A. , Sharma, R., Runge, F., Dvořák, P. , Tahir, A., Choi, Y.-J., Sedláková, B. , Thines, M.(2015):Coincidence of virulence shifts and population genetic changes of Pseudoperonospora cubensis in the Czech Republic. - Plant Pathology 64: 1461-1470. [PDF]
  • Jemelková, M., Kitner, M. , Křístková, E. , Beharav, A., Lebeda, A. (2015): Biodiversity of Lactuca aculeata germplasm assessed by SSR and AFLP markers, and resistance variation to Bremia lactucae. – Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 61: 344-356. [PDF]
  • Sharma, R., Xia, X, Cano, L.M., Evangelisti, E., Kemen, E., Judelson, H., Oome, S., Sambles, |S., van den Hoogen, D.J., Kitner, M. , Klein, J, Meijer, H.J.G., Spring, O., Win, J., Zipper, R., Bode, H.B., Govers, F., Kamoun, S., Schornack, S., Studholme, D., van den Ackerweken, G., Thines, M.(2015): Genome analyses of the sunflower pathogen Plasmopara halstedii provide insights into effector evolution in downy mildews and Phytophthora. – BMC Genomics 16:741 doi:10.1186/s12864-015-1904-7[PDF]
  • Lebeda, A. , Křístková, E. , Kitner, M. , Mieslerová, B. , Jemelková, M.(2015): Resistance of wild Lactuca genetic resources to diseases and pests, and their exploitation in lettuce breeding. Acta Horticulturae 1101: 133-139. [PDF]
  • Lebeda, A. , Křístková, E. , Kitner, M. , Mieslerova, B. , Jemelková, M., Pink, D.A.C.(2014): Wild Lactuca species, their genetic diversity, resistance to diseases and pests, and exploitation in lettuce breeding. - European Journal of Plant Pathology 138 (3): 597-640.[PDF]
  • Polat, İ., Baysal, Ö., Mercati, F., Kitner, M. , Cohen, Y., Lebeda, A. , Carimi, F.(2014): Characterization of Pseudoperonospora cubensis isolates from Europe and Asia using ISSR and SRAP molecular markers. - European Journal of Plant Pathology 139: 641-653. [PDF]
  • Kitner, M. , Prausová, R., Adamec, L.(2013): Present status of genetic diversity of Potamogeton praelongus populations in the Czech Republic. – Phyton (Horn, Austria) 53: 73-86. (PHYTON-ANNALES REI BOTANICAE)
  • Hašler, P. , Dvořák, P. , Johansen, J.R., Kitner, M. , Ondřej, V. , Poulíčková, A. (2012):Morphological and molecular study of epipelic filamentous genera Phormidium, Microcoleus and Geitlerinema (Oscillatoriales, Cyanophyta/Cyanobacteria). Fottea, 12: 341–358.
  • Kitner, M. , Majeský, Ľ. , Gillová L., Vymyslický T., Nagler M.(2012): Genetic structure of Artemisia pancicii populations inferred from AFLP and cpDNA data. - Preslia 84: 97-120.
  • Lebeda, A. , Kitner, M. , Křístková, E. , Doležalová, I., Beharav, A.(2012): Genetic polymorphism in Lactuca aculeata populations and occurrence of natural putative hybrids between L. aculeata and L. serriola. - Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 42: 113-123. DOI: 10.1016/j.bse.2012.02.008
  • Majeský, Ľ. , Vašut, R. , Kitner, M. , Trávníček, B. (2012): The pattern of genetic variability in apomictic clones of Taraxacum officinale indicates the alternation of asexual and sexual histories of apomicts. - PLoS ONE 7(8): e41868. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041868
  • Navrátilová, B. , Skálová, D. , Ondřej, V. , Kitner, M. , Lebeda, A. (2011): Biotechnological Methods Utilized in Cucurbits Research - A Review. – Horticultural Science (Prague) 38: 150-158.
  • Ondřej, V. , Havránek, P., Kitner, M. , Němcová, P.(2011): Molecular identification and characterization of the Morchellaceae germplasm collection of "mulch morels". – International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 13(4): 369-375. DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v13.i4.70
  • Švábová, L., Lebeda, A. , Kitner, M. , Sedlářová, M. , Petřivalský, M., Dostálová, R., Ondřej, M., Horáček, J., Smýkalová, I., Griga, M.(2011): Comparison of the effects of Fusarium solani filtrates in vitro and in vivo on morphological characteristics and peroxidase activity pea cultivars with different susceptibility. Journal of Plant Pathology 93(1): 19-30. [PDF]
  • Hašler, P. , Dvořák, P., Ondřej, V. , Kitner, M. , Hloušková, P., Poulíčková, A. (2011): The importance of polyphasic approach in the comparative study on Nodularia MERTENS ex BORNET et FLAHAULT (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria). - Preslia 83: 167-182.
  • Hašler, P. , Dvořák, P. , Ondřej, V. , Kitner, M. , Hloušková, P., Poulíčková, A. (2011):The importance of the polyphasic approach in a comparative study of Nodularia Mertens ex Bornet et Flahault (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria). Preslia, 83: 167–182.
  • Gillová, L., Kitner, M. , Majeský, Ľ. , Skálová, D., Vymyslický, T.(2011): Nové poznatky o druhu pelyněk Pančićův (Artemisia pancicii Danihelka et Marhold) [New knowledge on Artemisia pancicii]. – Příroda, Praha 31: 11-31.
  • Lebeda, A. , Doležalová, I., Kitner, M. , Novotná, A., Šmachová, P., Widrlechner, M.P.(2011): North American continent – a new source of wild Lactuca spp. germplasm variability for future lettuce breeding. - Acta Horticulturae 918: 475-482.
  • Beharav, A., Maras, M., Kitner, M. , Šuštar-Vozlič, J., Sun, G.L., Doležalová, I. , Lebeda, A. , Meglič, V.(2010): Comparison of three genetic similarity coefficients based on dominant markers from predominantly self-pollinating species. - Biologia Plantarum 54: 54-60.
  • Lebeda, A. , Kitner, M. , Dziechciarková, M., Doležalová, I. , Křístková, E. , Lindhout, P.(2009): An insight into the genetic polymorphism among European populations of Lactuca serriola assessed by AFLP. - Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 37: 597-608. DOI:10.1016/j.bse.2009.10.010.
  • Madlener, S., Svačinová, J., Kitner, M. , Kopecký, J., Eytner, R., Lackner, A., Phuong Nha Vo T., Frisch R., Grusch M., de Martin, R.(2009): In vitro anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities of extracts of Acalypha alopecuroidea (Euphorbiaceae). - Int. J. Oncol. 35: 881-891. DOI: 10.3892/ijo_00000403.
  • Ondřej, V. , Kitner, M. , Doležalová, I. , Nádvorník, P., Navrátilová, B. , Lebeda, A. (2009): Chromatin structural rearrangement during dedifferentiation of protoplasts of Cucumis sativus L. – Molecules and Cells 27: 443-447.
  • Sarris, P.F., Abdelhalim, M., Kitner, M. , Skandalis, N., Panopoulos, N.J., Doulis, A.G., Lebeda, A. (2009): Molecular polymorphisms between populations of Pseudoperonospora cubensis from Greece and the Czech Republic and the phytopathological and phylogenetic implications. - Plant Pathology 58: 933-943. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2009.02093.x
  • Lebeda, A. , Doležalová, I. , Křístková, E. , Kitner, M. , Petrželová, I.,, Mieslerova, B. , Novotná, A.(2009): Wild Lactuca germplasm for lettuce breeding: current status, gaps and challenges. - Euphytica 170: 15-34.
  • Hašler, P. , Štěpánková, J., Špačková, J., Neustupa, J., Kitner, M. , Hekera, P., Veselá, J., Burian, J., Poulíčková, A. (2008):Epipelic cyanobacteria and algae: a case study from Czech ponds. – Fottea 8: 133-146.
  • Kitner, M. , Lebeda, A. , Doležalová, I. , Maras, M., Křístková, E. , Nevo, E., Pavlíček, T., Meglic, V., Beharav, A.(2008): AFLP analysis of Lactuca saligna germplasm collections from four European and three Middle Eastern countries. - Israel J. Plant Sci. 56: 185-193.
  • Hašler, P. , Štěpánková, J., Špačková, J., Neustupa, J., Kitner, M. , Hekera, P., Veselá, J., Burian, J., Poulíčková, A. (2008): Epipelic cyanobacteria and algae: a case study from Czech ponds. - Fottea 8(2): 133–146.
  • Švábová, L., Klenotičová, H., Griga, M., Lebeda, A. , Kitner, M. , Sedlářová, M. (2008):Alternativní biotechnologické postupy ve šlechtění luskovin. Úroda LVI(12): 59-61.
  • Lysáková, M., Kitner, M. , Poulíčková, A. (2007): The epipelic algae of fishponds of Central and Northern Moravia (The Czech Republic). - Fottea 7(1): 69-75.
  • Poulíčková, A. , Kitner, M. , Hašler, P. (2006): Vertical distribution of attached algae in shallow fishponds of different trophic status. - Biologia 61: 1-9.
  • Poulíčková, A. , Hašler, P. , Kitner, M. (2004): Annual cycle of Planktothrix agardhii nature population. – Int. Rev. Hydrobiol. 89(3): 278-288.
  • Kitner, M. , Poulíčková, A. , Novotný, R., Válová, P., Hašler, P. (2003): First record of Dicranochaete reniformis Hieronymus in Moravia (Czech Republic). - Biologia 58(4): 529-535.
  • Kitner, M. , Poulíčková, A. (2003):Littoral diatoms as indicators for the eutrophication of shallow lakes. - Hydrobiologia 506: 519-524.
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